Padova is a city and comune in the Veneto, northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Padua and the economic and communications hub of the area. Padua's population is 214,000 (as of 2011). The city is sometimes included, with Venice (Italian Venezia) and Treviso, in the Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area, having a population of c. 1,600,000.
Padua stands on the Bacchiglione River, 40 km west of Venice and 29 km southeast of Vicenza. The Brenta River, which once ran through the city, still touches the northern districts. Its agricultural setting is the Venetian Plain (Pianura Veneta). To the city's south west lies the Euganaean Hills, praised by Lucan and Martial, Petrarch, Ugo Foscolo, and Shelley.
It hosts the renowned University of Padua, almost 800 years old and famous, among other things, for having had Galileo Galilei among its lecturers.
The city is picturesque, with a dense network of arcaded streets opening into large communal piazze, and many bridges crossing the various branches of the Bacchiglione, which once surrounded the ancient walls like a moat.
Padua is the setting for most of the action in Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew, and it is also where Romeo is exiled to after he kills Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet.
The most famous of the Paduan churches is the Basilica di Sant'Antonio da Padova, locally simply known as "Il Santo". The bones of the saint rest in a chapel richly ornamented with carved marbles, the work of various artists, among them Sansovino and Falconetto. The basilica was begun about the year 1230 and completed in the following century. Tradition says that the building was designed by Nicola Pisano. It is covered by seven cupolas, two of them pyramidal. There are also four beautiful cloisters to visit.
UNIVERSITY OF PADOVA
The University of Padua (Italian Università degli Studi di Padova, UNIPD) is a premier Italian university located in the city of Padua, Italy. The University of Padua was founded in 1222 as a school of law and was one of the most prominent universities in early modern Europe. It is among the earliest universities of the world and the second oldest in Italy. As of 2010 the university had approximately 65,000 students.
Since 1595, Padua's famous anatomical theatre drew artists and scientists studying the human body during public dissections. It is the oldest surviving permanent anatomical theatre in Europe. Anatomist Andreas Vesalius held the chair of Surgery and Anatomy (explicator chirurgiae) and in 1543 published his anatomical discoveries in De Humani Corporis Fabrica. The book triggered great public interest in dissections and caused many other European cities to establish anatomical theatres.
The university adopted the Latin motto: Universa universis patavina libertas (Paduan Freedom is Universal for Everyone).
BY CAR: At the Padua East Exit, turn right in Viale delle Grazie and continue for approximately 2 km. After Cavalcavia Venezia, continue in Via Venezia. At the traffic light of Piazzale Stanga take the fourth road from the right, via Ariosto. After approximately 500 meters turn right in via Gattamelata. After approximately 2 km, turn right in via Giustiniani following the indications for "Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova/Ospedale Civile".
FOR NAVIGATOR: We suggest to insert "Via Giustiniani 2 – Padova"
RAILWAY: At the Railway exit, turn left in via della Pace. At the traffic light go straight on in via Boschetti. After Piazzale Boschetti, turn left in via Morgagni and continue for approximately 1 km until the Ospedale Civile (situated on the right).
AIRPORTS: 30 Km Venezia ( taxi - Lantomas +39-049-8808505, a day before). Other Airports are Verona, Treviso (Ryanair).